9 Best Italian Olive Oil 2021 – Buying Guide

Olive oil is a staple in any Italian kitchen and one of the few cooking oils that will not go bad! It has been used for thousands of years to create healthy, flavorful dishes.

You may learn more about the different olive oils and get a recommendation for which olive oil to buy in Italy in this best Italian olive oil 2021 buying guide.

Best Overall
Pomace Olive Oil - 1 Gallon Tin
Good Choice
Napa Valley Naturals Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil, 25.4
Don't Miss
O-Live & Co. Everyday 100% Extra Virgin Olive Oil - 16.9 Fl Oz (500 ml) - Gold Award winner in NY, LA and ITALY - First Cold Pressed and estate grown & bottled.
Also Consider
DiSano Extra Virgin Olive Oil, First Cold Pressed, 250ml
Pomace Olive Oil - 1 Gallon Tin
Napa Valley Naturals Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil, 25.4
O-Live & Co. Everyday 100% Extra Virgin Olive Oil - 16.9 Fl Oz (500 ml) - Gold Award winner in NY, LA and ITALY - First Cold Pressed and estate grown & bottled.
DiSano Extra Virgin Olive Oil, First Cold Pressed, 250ml
Best Overall
Pomace Olive Oil - 1 Gallon Tin
Pomace Olive Oil - 1 Gallon Tin
Good Choice
Napa Valley Naturals Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil, 25.4
Napa Valley Naturals Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil, 25.4
Don't Miss
O-Live & Co. Everyday 100% Extra Virgin Olive Oil - 16.9 Fl Oz (500 ml) - Gold Award winner in NY, LA and ITALY - First Cold Pressed and estate grown & bottled.
O-Live & Co. Everyday 100% Extra Virgin Olive Oil - 16.9 Fl Oz (500 ml) - Gold Award winner in NY, LA and ITALY - First Cold Pressed and estate grown & bottled.
Also Consider
DiSano Extra Virgin Olive Oil, First Cold Pressed, 250ml
DiSano Extra Virgin Olive Oil, First Cold Pressed, 250ml

You can get the best olive oils reviews here, save time shopping online by examining the top list of olive oils.

Italian Extra Virgin Olive Oil – Top Picks & Reviews

1. Del Destino Pomace Olive Oil

Pomace Olive Oil

 

Del Destino is the firm to trust for the Best Olive Oil Brands because it provides the highest quality olive oil. It may be used in a variety of culinary dishes, both oily and non-oily. In comparison to conventional cooking oil, the items consume 67 percent less.

It’s also high in vitamin E, which promotes heart health. Leonardo olive oil reviews are likewise positive, and it is recommended that everyone buy it for everyday usage.

Del Destino’s extra light olive oil has been replaced by Extra Virgin Olive Oil in Cook all Olive Pomace Oil. This has no flavor and may be used in various dishes, including deep-frying, roasting, and so on. So you now know the answer to which olive oil is better for cooking and frying.

The gas point is relatively high (238°C) – Sunflower, safflower, palm, soya, and peanut are all higher in this category. As a result, food becomes three times lighter.

Features:

  • 1/ 3rd volume of other dietary oils is used for cooking the dish.
  • Suitable for all types of cuisine, including deep-frying.
  • 24 Months is the best shelf life.
  •  It has a neutral flavor and fragrance.

2. Essential Depot Olive Oil Pomace

Olive Oil - Pomace Grade - Food Grade

 

This Pomace Olive Oil is one of the top Olive Oil brands since it is highly nutritious and aids in the preparation of a variety of dishes. It’s ideal for cooking a dish of any kind. Because of its high smoking point, it is an olive oil brand to trust for epicurean cooking. It retains the pure essence of the dish.

Essential Depot Pomace olive oil is a light oil with a bland flavor and quality suitable for cuisines since it does not change the flavor or taste of any dish. Pomace olive oil creates a crisp, golden coating when fried at temperatures between 130 and 190 degrees Celsius, making the fried dish considerably more tasty while maintaining its nutritious value.

The oil hardly penetrates the meal, which keeps it light and tasty. Each portion of this deep-frying oil can be reused 3-4 times if it is well cleaned after each use using gauze, muslin, or a suitable paper filter.

Features:

  • Because of its distinct appearance, it is widely made and utilized all over the world.
  • A distinctive and delicious perfection
  • It’s also noted for staying the same.
  • Due to its high smoking point, the food retains its natural flavor.
  • Mimi olive oil is high-quality olive oil.
  • It is perfect for ethnic cuisines.

3. California Olive Ranch Oil

California Olive Ranch, Everyday Fresh California Extra Virgin Olive Oil

 

California Olive Ranch’s extra virgin olive oil is described as “freshly squeezed juice.” This cold-pressed olive oil is created by mechanically crushing fresh olives, unlike light or refined oils made with high heat.

The “Everyday” blend blends a variety of olive varieties to create a versatile oil with herbaceous, fruity, and grassy aromas all in one. As many customers will confirm, it’s perfect for everyday sauteing, baking, roasting, and even pouring over salads, as the name indicates. The “Mild” mix offers a less robust and buttery flavor if you’re searching for something a little softer.

A third-party lab that examines the chemical and sensory characteristics of the oil certifies all of California Olive Ranch’s oils as extra virgin. The extra virgin olive oil is also kosher, non-GMO,4 and comes with the California Olive Oil Commission (or OOCC) certification.

While some customers complain that a bottle of this oil is a little more expensive than other grocery-store brands, many others think it’s worth the money because of the quality and flavor.

Features:

  • Cold-pressed olives
  • Herbal notes with a smooth taste
  • The California Commission approved this product.

4. Napa Valley Naturals Organic Oil

Napa Valley Naturals Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil,

 

Napa Valley is known for wine, but Stonewall Kitchen’s Napa Valley Naturals also puts the olive oil region on the map. While the firm began as a roadside vegetable stand, it has since grown to include operations worldwide.

Its organic extra virgin olive oil is now prepared from a cold-pressed mixture of Mediterranean regional olives to provide a smooth buttery taste with mild, fruity overtones. Customers rave about the flavor of this olive oil; however, one says it’s a little too light for her. Another user said it’s fantastic as a salad dressing.

All five olive oil sizes, ranging from 12.7 ounces to 128 ounces, are packed in wine bottles, giving them posh air.

Features:

  • Cold-pressed
  • Fruity notes with a smooth taste
  • Inexpensive

5. Filippo Berio Extra Virgin

Filippo Berio Extra Virgin Olive Oil

 

Filippo Berio’s extra virgin olive oil demonstrates that the best Italian olive oil 2021 doesn’t have to be expensive. You may purchase 25.3 ounces of cold-pressed olive oil manufactured in Italy from a blend of olive types from Italy, Spain, Greece, and Tunisia, a North African country bordering the Mediterranean Sea, for a meager price.

The end product is a potent, flavorful olive oil that’s great for cooking, dressings, and marinades. Several consumers who usually buy more costly oils believe the quality and flexibility make it a worthy investment.

You not only receive a fantastic deal on olive oil, but you also get some more alternatives. For example, if you want a variety of flavors, try the Robusto, which has a peppery finish, the 100% Italian, which is light and fruity with a spicy finish, or the California, which has a delicate mix of fruity and peppery flavors.

Features:

  • A strong taste
  • Excellent value for the money.
  • There are three more taste profiles available.

6. O-Live & Co. Everyday Oil

O-Live & Co. Everyday 100% Extra Virgin Olive Oil - 16.9 Fl Oz (500 ml)

 

The O-Live and Co. Everyday Extra Virgin Olive Oil hits all the boxes if you’re seeking the best olive oil for cooking. Its taste profile, best described as light and fruity, is meant to go with any prepared food.

Customers love how it has a moderate flavor that doesn’t leave a harsh aftertaste and that it can be used for both drizzling and cooking. The olive oil is from Chile and meets or surpasses the International Olive Oil Council’s purity criteria.

O-Live & Co. provides a certified organic6 alternative in addition to their standard Everyday olive oil. If you prefer peppery, aromatic olive oil over a fruity one, O-Live and Co.’s “Robust” extra virgin olive oil is for you.

Features:

  • Neither too thick nor too thin
  • Fruity, light taste
  • Excellent for dipping.

7. Extra Virgin Olive Oil DiSano

DiSano Extra Virgin Olive Oil

 

Disano Extra Virgin Olive Oil has a rich flavor and aroma, making it a great alternative to ghee and butter. It is made and packaged entirely in Spain. There is no cholesterol in the oil. Therefore, it promises to lower heart disease, obesity, and osteoporosis risks. This oil may be used for frying, roasting, or baking.

Cold pressing is used to produce this organic extra virgin olive oil. It contains all of the necessary nutrients as a result of this technique. Finally, it has a delicate aroma and texture that will undoubtedly complement your meal.

Features:

  • Antioxidants are present.
  • It’s also good for your hair.

Buyer’s Guide

olivewellnessinstitute.org
Source: olivewellnessinstitute.org

Among the many factors that matter when looking for the Best Italian Olive Oil, one should note that this is not just a product but an element of a Mediterranean diet. Thus, anyone who wants to get top quality Best Italian Olive Oil 2021 should pay attention to agriculture, specifically olive oil production in Italy.

Also, there are other factors to consider, such as best practices, health, and the product’s environmental impact. Finally, one should check if the olive oil brand they want to buy is genuine and follows all safety standards during production and bottling.

Accredited producers of best Italian olive oil in Italy / Certified olive oil producers

The first criteria for choosing Best Italian Olive Oil is to check whether your choice of olive oil brand is accredited. Choosing among hundreds of brands can be challenging, so reading what others say about them is advisable before deciding on one.

Place of origin

The place of origin is the first thing you need to look at when buying an Italian olive oil, as it determines how much value for money you are getting. The region’s climate in which the olive trees are grown will affect their growth patterns and yield. Of course, the climate is more important in regions where olives are grown for oil production.

Best Italian Olive Oil
Source: southernliving.com

Quality

The most incredible olive oils have a fantastic flavor. It’s great for cooking since it’s still a healthy cooking oil: unlike other oils, it’s extracted without the use of solvents or chemicals, making it one of the best oils to use in the kitchen. In addition, olive oil is high in monounsaturated fat, vitamin E, and antioxidants, making it ideal for a variety of meals.

Packaging

Packaging is essential. Make sure that you are getting the original olive oil and not an adulterated one. To make this easier for you, you should look for the following things: The best packaging nowadays is the tin can.

It helps keep the oil fresher for longer and preserves its quality and taste. The label should be clear and legible. While purchasing the oil, look for the best-before date because that tells you how long the bottle is good for.

FAQs

Best Italian Olive Oil
Source: eatthis.com

What Is Olive Oil?

Olive oil is a cooking oil that is obtained by pressing fresh olives. It has a buttery flavor with pepper undertones and a dark green or golden color. Italy, Greece, and Spain produce most of the world’s olive oil, which is appropriate given that olive oil has long been a staple of Mediterranean cuisine.

Does olive oil go bad?

Olive oil is a perishable product with a shelf life ranging from 48 to 24 months, depending on the oil. Virgin and refined oils go bad faster than extra virgin oils. When olive oil is stored in a clear bottle or exposed to bright light, it spoils and becomes rancid sooner.

Can you fry with olive oil?

Many people believe that you can’t cook or fry with olive oil but keep the temperature within a specific range. Olive oil has a smoke point of 350°F to 410°F, which means it will burn and smoke at that temperature. Therefore, the oil temperature should be kept between 350°F and 375°F when frying food so that olive oil would be ideal.

What makes olive oil extra virgin?

Extra virgin olive oil is the highest quality olive oil available, as it is unrefined. The olive oil must have no more than 0.8 percent acidity to be classified as extra virgin. The additional virgin label also indicates that it is free of odor and flavor defects and processed without the use of chemicals or heat.

Mechanically or cold-pressed extra virgin olive oil is used in the production of all extra virgin olive oil.

Conclusion

Cooking oil should not be taken lightly, as choosing a subpar option can have a direct impact on your health. Therefore, always make sure of quality and brand reviews while selecting the best olive oil for you.

To be honest, it’s hard to decide which one of these oils is better than the others because they all have their own strengths and weaknesses. However, check this article and you will surely get some idea about choosing the best brand.

Do you know which olive oil is best for you? You could be getting low-quality or even rancid oils and not even know it. Take the time to research the company that sells its products before buying and getting the best product.

If this wasn’t enough for you, check the list below, there is more olive oils you might like:

Pompeian Robust Extra Virgin Olive Oil, First Cold Pressed, Full-Bodied Flavor, Perfect for Salad Dressings & Marinades, 101 FL. OZ.
  • Robust flavor
  • Imported, first cold pressed extra Virgin olive oil
  • Perfect for pasta, marinades and salad dressings
  • Quality since 1906 from the olive oil people
  • Farmer-crafted
Farm To Market NGMO Cold Pressed 100% Pure Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Healthy, Chemical Free Oil Loaded with Healthy Antioxidants
  • Farm To Market EVOO: Farm to Market 100% extra virgin olive oil is a versatile, multi-use condiment, making it an essential kitchen staple. Extra virgin oil is also the most important item you can have for cooking, baking, homemade dressings, sauces, and much more
  • High-Quality Ingredients: Adhering to the highest standards, including Quality Assurance on the Global Food Safety Initiative, Farm to Market olive oil is NGMO project verified. No fillers are ever used in crafting our 100% virgin olive oil, which ensures the purest quality and finest taste of any virgin oil available
  • Healthy Fats And Antioxidants: With a high nutritional content at the time of harvest, our cold pressed extra virgin olive oil is rich in antioxidants, known for eliminating cell-damaging free radical molecules. Our imported olive oil is also loaded with polyphenols, which can help reduce bad cholesterol in the body, as well as omega fatty acids that can aid in reducing the risk of heart disease
  • Cold Pressed Olive Oil: Our EVOO is first cold pressed, the preferred production method because no heat or chemical additives were used to extract the oil. Another benefit of the cold pressed extraction method is that the olive oil retains its full nutritional value making it loaded with healthy antioxidants, polyphenols, and omega fatty acids
  • Great Flavor for Cooking: Recommended by top chefs as well as the many Farm to Market fans, our NGMO Extra Virgin Olive Oil is known for its Robust characteristics of fruity aromatics and smooth, buttery flavor. Our olive oil is perfect for dressings and low heat cooking as it is best in temperatures up to 375°F. This elegant flavor profile is considered the highest quality olive oil, giving you an effortless way to enhance your signature dish
365 by Whole Foods Market, Oil Olive Extra Virgin Mediterranean Organic, 33.8 Fl Oz
  • 365 by Whole Foods Market products give you that dance-down-the-aisles feeling, virtual aisles too! Our huge range of choices with premium ingredients at prices you can get down with makes grocery shopping so much more than tossing the basics in your cart.
Cobram Estate Extra Virgin Olive Oil 100% Australia Select, First Cold Pressed, Non-GMO 375mL, Keto Friendly High in Antioxidants, Made from Australian Grown Olives
  • Australia Select: Rich, fruity & balanced. 100% Australian Extra Virgin Olive oil from the best Australian groves in the Murray Valley.
  • Delicious Flavor: Fragrant aromas of tomato bush and fig leaf, with mild notes of green olives. Great for salads or baking! The beauty of Cobram Estate Extra Virgin Olive Oil is that it holds its healthiness at high temperatures and tastes incredible on its own.
  • Convenient Pop-Up Pourer Spout: For a clean and easy pour every time, so no need for a sprayer or mister.
  • All-Natural Tastiness: The reason our olive oil tastes so magnificent is it is chock full of polyphenols. These flavor-packed antioxidants have been proven to help fight inflammation, aging and weight gain. They’re also great for your ticker. Proof that Mother Nature's looking out.
  • Award Winning Extra Virgin Olive Oil - 2019: Olive Japan – Silver | 2018: New York International Olive Oil Competition – Best in Class, Olive Japan – Gold | 2017: Los Angeles International Extra Virgin Olive Oil Competition – Gold, New York International Olive Oil Competition – Gold | 2016: New York International Olive Oil Competition – Best in Class & Gold, Olive Japan – Gold
Olizzi Premium Organic Olive Oil Extra Virgin - 2021 Award Winner - Early Harvest First Cold Pressed, USDA Organic Certified, Great Taste, Salad Dressing, Cooking, Aceite de Oliva - 16.9 FL Oz (500ml)
  • Award Winner 100% Organic EVOO - Olizzi Premium Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil is awarded at Olive Japan 2020 and JOOPrize 2021, two of the world’s most prestigious competitions. Certified Organic by USDA. Non-blended, single-variety, filtered to eliminate unwanted substances.
  • Early Harvest, Handpicked, Cold Pressed, Low Acidity - We harvest our olives when they are green and fresh. It is a costly choice, but it delivers the lowest acidity (FFA < 0.3), and the highest concentration of nutritional benefits inside the olive oil. After handpicking with care, we immediately cold press them.
  • Rich in Polyphenols (Antioxidants) and Vitamins - Our professional processes deliver the polyphenol rich olive oil with great amount of good fats, Vitamin E and Vitamin K. Premium olive oil is good for the skin, hair, anti-aging, inflammation, brain, heart and digestion.
  • Delicious Green Taste - You will feel the delicious green taste with hints of unripe almond, grass, artichoke and green apple. Olizzi organic olive oil is great for salad dressing, seasoning, pizza, pasta, bread, vegetables and cooking. Perfect ingredient for chefs and Mediterranean cuisine lovers. Goes perfectly well with vegan, Keto, Whole30, detox and light diets.
  • Great Packaging for Gifts - A glass bottle of olive oil extra virgin inside this special cardboard box is great for business gifts, corporate gifts, family and friend gifts. Smart Cap prevents waste, perfect for home cooking and use at home.
Olizzi Premium Organic Olive Oil Extra Virgin - 2021 Award Winner - Early Harvest First Cold Pressed, USDA Organic Certified, Great Taste, Salad Dressing, Cooking, Aceite de Oliva - 16.9 FL Oz (500ml)
  • Award Winner 100% Organic EVOO - Olizzi Premium Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil is awarded at Olive Japan 2020 and JOOPrize 2021, two of the world’s most prestigious competitions. Certified Organic by USDA. Non-blended, single-variety, filtered to eliminate unwanted substances.
  • Early Harvest, Handpicked, Cold Pressed, Low Acidity - We harvest our olives when they are green and fresh. It is a costly choice, but it delivers the lowest acidity (FFA < 0.3), and the highest concentration of nutritional benefits inside the olive oil. After handpicking with care, we immediately cold press them.
  • Rich in Polyphenols (Antioxidants) and Vitamins - Our professional processes deliver the polyphenol rich olive oil with great amount of good fats, Vitamin E and Vitamin K. Premium olive oil is good for the skin, hair, anti-aging, inflammation, brain, heart and digestion.
  • Delicious Green Taste - You will feel the delicious green taste with hints of unripe almond, grass, artichoke and green apple. Olizzi organic olive oil is great for salad dressing, seasoning, pizza, pasta, bread, vegetables and cooking. Perfect ingredient for chefs and Mediterranean cuisine lovers. Goes perfectly well with vegan, Keto, Whole30, detox and light diets.
  • Great Packaging for Gifts - A glass bottle of olive oil extra virgin inside this special cardboard box is great for business gifts, corporate gifts, family and friend gifts. Smart Cap prevents waste, perfect for home cooking and use at home.
Zeytin Premium Extra Virgin Olive Oil - AWARDED I Early-Harvest I High Polyphenol of 350mg I VEGAN I KETO I Cold Pressed I Single-Sourced I Unfiltered I (Rich & Fruity, 500 ml (16.9 oz))
  • EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL OF HIGHEST QUALITY, LOW ACIDITY and MEDIUM INTENSITY - Full bodied flavor with fruity tones, strong hints of fresh cut grass and fresh nuts. Very low acidity of 0.2% to 0.3% unique to the Memecik (Picual) type of olives we harvest that yield a very high polyphenol olive oil
  • HIGH QUALITY AND PURE EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL FROM THE MOST AWARDED TURKISH BRAND ON AMAZON - Zeytin's olive oils won numerous awards globally from New York to London and Japan in 2020. We are most recently included in the FLOS OLEI 2021 guide, which is the Michelin Guide for Extra Virgin Olive Oils of high-quality
  • HIGH POLYPHENOL CONTENT for INCREASED HEALTH BENEFITS: Significantly higher polyphenol and antioxidant levels vs other name brands since we harvest in October, process within 2 hours and maintain cool temperatures for a high quality extra virgin olive oil
  • FRESHNESS GUARANTEED with OUR DARK BOTTLE & SPECIAL AIRPROOF CAP – Most brands sell extra virgin olive oil in clear glass or plastic bottles. Both methods ensure quick degradation of polyphenols and antioxidants. Our UV protected dark bottles protect against AIR, LIGHT, HUMIDITY and HEAT to ensure the freshest taste once the bottle is received in your house. We go the extra mile so you can enjoy the first day harvest we prepared for you!
  • THOUGHTFULLY DESIGNED and BOTTLED – Our current extra virgin olive oil batch harvested in October 2019 and bottled in September 2020. It’s perfect as a gift for anyone with unique packaging and beautiful gift box
Sky Organics USDA Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil- 100% Pure Greek Cold Pressed Unfiltered Non-GMO EVOO- For Cooking Baking - Hair & Skin Moisturizing, 16.9 oz
  • Contains: 2 x 16 oz. bottle of USDA Organic, cold-pressed, 100% pure Castor Oil by Sky Organics.
  • 100% Pure and Cold-pressed: Sky Organics 100% pure, unrefined Castor Oil contains no added ingredients, fragrance, alcohols, or preservatives.
  • Moisturizing Oil for All Hair Types: Organic Castor Oil is a natural source of fatty acids that nourish and moisturize the scalp and support healthy hair.
  • Conditions Lashes and Brows: Support beautiful, fuller looking lashes and brows by using Organic Castor Oil as a natural eyelash and eyebrow serum.
  • Responsibly Made: Our Organic Castor Oil is responsibly sourced, USDA certified Organic, and 100% vegan and cruelty-free.
Filippo Berio Olive Oil, 169 Fluid Ounce
  • 100% pure
  • all natural
  • 5 LITTER,L7 Plastic Jug
  • imported from italy
  • natural olive oil
Zeytin Daily Extra Virgin Olive Oil - AWARDED BRAND I Cold Pressed I Family Owned I Single-Sourced I Perfect for Daily Cooking and Salads I 2020/21 (Fresh & Aromatic, 500ml (16.9 fl oz))
  • NEW & LONG-REQUESTED PRODUCT: Finally a bottle from Zeytin, to fit the daily needs in the kitchen such as sautéing, cooking, frying and salad dressing!
  • WIDELY AWARDED BRAND: FLOS OLEI 2021 Selected Farm and Gold Medal Winner from EVO ITALY 2021
  • FRESH PRODUCT: 2020/2021 Fresh New Harvest from our single garden next to the ancient ruins of Troy!
  • LOW ACIDITY: 0.4% ACIDITY and A Balanced Combination of Aromas
  • MESS-FREE POUR: Shake bottle upside down for 5 seconds to activate the cap and have an amazing and mess free pour.
Lucini Oil Olive Xvrgn Prem Sele 500ml(1 pt 1fl OZ) pack 2
  • 2 - 17 oz bottles of Lucini Italia Premium Select Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • 100% Italian Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • Gluten Free, BPA Free, Vegan
  • Star K Kosher Pareve
  • Product of Italy
Rx High Phenolic Extra Virgin Olive Oil - 100% Greek - 2020/21 Harvest - Organic - NONGmo - Cold Pressed - Ultra Low (.11) Acidity - Ranked #1 In The World 2021 For Healthiest Olive Oil (By WBHEC)
  • ⚕⚕⚕ HEALTH | VITALITY | LONGEVITY - Liokareas Rx HPEVOO is packed with 1,251 mg/kg polyphenols.
  • 💗💗💗 959 mg/kg OLEOCANTHAL - The polyphenol only found in Extra Virgin Olive Oil is the secret to Liokareas Rx HPEVOO. 959 mg/kg Oleocanthal is one of the highest EVOO's produced in the world! The oleocanthal is what is responsible for the peppery, pungent, burning sensation in the back of your throat when you taste extra virgin olive oil.
  • 💚💚💚 PRODUCED ON 10/17/2020 - Fresh from the latest harvest in Kalamata, Greece.
  • ❤❤❤ YOUR ELIXAR FOR LIFE! - Liokareas Rx High Phenolic Extra Virgin Olive Oil has 10x the amount of polyphenols and antioxidants.